When a person is cremated or buried some cultures use a marker to identify who is buried there. This marker is called a memorial, headstone, gravestone or tombstone. There are many styles and shapes for headstones. Some are just plaques that are put on the lawn while others are tall monuments that can be over 1.2m high.
The most preferred material for gravestones is granite while the older headstones are mostly made of marble due to the softness of the stone. Headstones can be purchased from monumental masons. Some of them specialize on sculpting very artistic and individualized tombstones. These are made to a given budget so that the monumental mason can define the size, detail and material. Cemetery bylaws are also an influential part for planning a headstone.